PhD Position

Hellenism in the Roman Late Republic and the Augustan Period - Project 2 (PhD)

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Contact

Radboud University
Erasmusplein 1
6500 HD Nijmegen

Dr. Suzanne van de Liefvoort
+31(0)24 3611276
anchoring@let.ru.nl

Hellenism in the Roman Late Republic and the Augustan Period:
Anchoring through Translation in Literary and Material Culture

PhD Position (4 years, 1,0 fte), Leiden University

Main Supervisors:
Prof. dr. Antje Wessels (Leiden) and Prof. dr. Miguel John Versluys (Leiden)

Anchoring Work Package 9: Roman Republic and Augustan Period

General project description

The final two centuries BC see dramatic changes in all domains (political, social, economic, material, cultural) of Roman (late) Republican society. This is a contingent process that will result in the formation of what we call Roman culture. The influx of foreign objects, ideas and peoples plays a defining role in this process of emerging identity that is characterized by many innovations. As a result, Roman culture anchors itself in the tradition of others. Previous discussions on this fascinating process of cultural formation have shown that we deal with very conscious and specific ways of Roman selection, appropriation and assimilation; a project of translation in which (the Greek and Hellenistic) Other was made into (the Roman) Self. This project will investigate the hypothesis that such processes of translation are examples of how Roman culture anchored itself in (the history of) the wider Hellenistic world and thus was able to develop from a regional player into a global superpower.

Understanding translation as a broader social and cultural practice, this research project – which envisions two PhD candidates and one PD researcher – will analyse the material culture (PhD) and literature (PhD + PD) from such a perspective.

PhD project description

Rome was a melting pot and under the influence of indigenous Italic culture and other literary and cultural traditions. Intellectuals came from all places of a globalized world. They were brought to Rome as prisoners of war or ‘spoils’, e.g. after the capture of Tarentum in 209 BC, after the third Macedonian war in 168, after the Battle of Corinth in 146, and during the Mithridatic wars between 88 BC and 63 BC. In Rome, they acted as teachers, scholars and/or authors. Coming from ‘outside’, they contributed to the cultural translation of current discourses (including ideas on the relation of literary and visual/material culture; literature and religion, literature and politics) and allowed for their negotiation, appropriation and development in Roman culture. Intellectuals, specifically from the Hellenistic world, had a great impact on the process of shaping Roman identity and the ‘traditions’ Romans aimed to be in line with. The PhD candidate will analyse a particular case study (either a specific author, text or period, or a specific genre or discourse) in depth.

PhD Candidates are invited to develop their own research project and to submit a structured PhD proposal (title, research question, scholarly background, aims, method, corpus). The case study selected should analyse how Hellenism and its ‘disruptive energy’ is ‘translated’ into an anchor in order to shape Roman Late Republican and Augustan society and culture. We specifically (but not exclusively) welcome case studies which allow for a comparison between the developments of literary and visual culture.

More information about the Anchoring Innovation research agenda of OIKOS can be found on the OIKOS website (www.anchoringinnovation.nl) and in an article by Ineke Sluiter, entitled “Anchoring Innovation: a Classical Research Agenda” (Anchoring Innovation: A Classical Research Agenda | European Review | Cambridge Core). The work package to which the project will be assigned will be determined once the period to which the project mostly relates is determined.

Host institution

The Faculty of Humanities of Leiden University is a unique international center for the advanced study of languages, cultures, arts, and societies worldwide, in their historical contexts from prehistory to the present. Our faculty is home to more than 6,000 students and 800 staff members. For more information see www.universiteitleiden.nl/en/humanities.

The Leiden University Centre for the Arts in Society (LUCAS) is one of the seven Research Institutes of the Faculty of Humanities. LUCAS is dedicated to ground-breaking research that explores the multifaceted relationships between the arts and society. For more information see https://www.universiteitleiden.nl/en/humanities/centre-for-the-arts-in-society.

Terms and conditions

PhD project, 4 years (1.0 FTE, 38 hrs per week), starting date to be agreed upon, with a preference for January 1, 2023. Initially the employee will receive a one-year contract, with extension for the following 36 months on condition of a positive evaluation. It is possible to extend the position over 5 years at 0,8 fte. The appointment must lead to the completion of a PhD thesis. Salary range from € 2.434 to € 3.111 gross per month for a fulltime appointment (pay scale for PhDs, in accordance with the Collective Labour Agreement for Dutch Universities).

Leiden University offers an attractive benefits package with additional holiday (8%) and end-of-year bonuses (8.3%), training and career development. Candidates from outside the Netherlands may be eligible for a substantial tax break. For more information: http://www.workingat.leiden.edu/.

Tasks of the PhD candidate will include:
  • Completion of a PhD thesis within four years (1,0 fte) or five years (0,8 fte);
  • Participation in meetings of the project research group(s);
  • Presentations of intermediate research results at workshops and conferences;
  • Participation in the training program of the local Leiden Graduate School and the National Research School in Classics (OIKOS);
  • Participation in staff meetings of the Leiden Classics team and the intellectual life of the department and the institute;
  • Some teaching in the second and third years of the appointment.
Requirements
  • A RMA, MA or MPhil degree in Classics, held by time of appointment, with an MA thesis of high quality with a grade of at least 8.0 on a ten-point scale, or comparable assessment;
  • Well-developed research skills, including the ability to formulate relevant and creative research questions and hypotheses, descriptive and analytical skills, and a clear and persuasive style of writing;
  • Excellent competence in ancient Greek and Latin, and English, as well as reading competence in French, German and Italian;
  • Willingness to work with fragments;
  • A strong cooperative attitude and willingness to engage in collaborative research.
Diversity

The Anchoring Innovation program is strongly committed to diversity within its team and especially welcomes applications from members of underrepresented groups.

Information

Enquiries about the position can be addressed to Prof. dr. Antje Wessels, a.b.wessels@hum.leidenuniv.nl. We deliberately scheduled a long period between this announcement and the deadline for submission so that candidates have ample time to prepare their own versions of the projects outlined above. We know that the design of a good project takes time and effort. Do not hesitate to contact the prospective supervisor about this. Questions about the procedure can be directed to Dr Suzanne van de Liefvoort, anchoring@let.ru.nl.

Application

In order to be considered, applications must include the following information (in the same order), in one PDF file (not zipped):

  • Cover letter;
  • CV, including contact information of two referees;
  • Transcript of records (i.e. a certified copy of your MA and BA course lists and results);
  • Research proposal of 1500 words. This does not include the bibliography and (if appropriate) an appendix containing a list of sources (together max. two pages A4);
  • Copy of relevant diploma or statement by master thesis supervisor confirming that the applicant will hold the required degree at the time of appointment.

Please submit your complete application to Dr Suzanne van de Liefvoort, the coordinator of the Anchoring program via anchoring@let.ru.nl before April 24, 2022. Interviews will take place in the week of 30 May – 3 June, 2022 and will possibly be held online.